Civil War 1st Corps Badge IDed to David Allen Jr., Captain and Lt. Colonel, 12th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Inscribed: “Capt. D. Allen Jr. Co. K 12 Ms Vol. Inf.” Coin Silver. ¾” in diameter, 1 ¾” long including pin. The 12th Massachusetts Infantry was a hard fought regiment of the Army of the Potomac, one of Fox’s Fighting 300 regiments. The 12th holds the dubious distinction of losing the most men of any unit at Antietam. While contesting the infamous “Cornfield” with Brig. Gen. Harry T. Hays’ Louisiana Tiger Brigade, the 12th lost 49 men KIA and 165 men WIA or 64.1% of their initial strength of 334 men. Capt. Allen, then commanding Company K, was wounded in the leg. The Cornfield, an area about 250 yards deep and 400 yards wide, was the scene of indescribable destruction and loss of human life. It was estimated that the Cornfield changed hands no fewer than 15 times in the course of the morning. As Lt. Colonel of the regiment Allen was again wounded at Fredericksburg. At Gettysburg, after the Colonel of the 12th was wounded, Allen assumed command of the regiment. While acting as assistant Inspector-General of the 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps on the staff of Brig. Gen. John C. Robinson, Allen rode out to the front to see how the men of Company K of the 12th had fared at the Battle of the Wilderness and was mortally wounded by a rebel sniper. Outstanding badge!